|Title||The Embeddedness of Adolescent Friendship Nominations: The Formation of Social Capital in Emergent Network Structures|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Frank K.A, Muller C., Mueller A.S|
|Journal||American Journal of Sociology|
|Type of Article||Article|
|Keywords||african-american, american adolescents, asian-american, exchange relations, extracurricular activities, high-school-students, interpersonal-relations, middle school, modern sociology, p-asterisk models|
Although research on social embeddedness and social capital confirms the value of friendship networks, little has been written about how social relations form and are structured by social institutions. Using data from the Adolescent Health and Academic Achievement study and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the authors show that the odds of a new friendship nomination were 1.77 times greater within clusters of high school students taking courses together than between them. The estimated effect cannot be attributed to exposure to peers in similar grade levels, indirect friendship links, or pair-level course overlap, and the finding is robust to alternative model specifications. The authors also show how tendencies associated with status hierarchy inhering in triadic friendship nominations are neutralized within the clusters. These results have implications for the production and distribution of social capital within social systems such as schools, giving the clusters social salience as local positions.